With the imminent expiration of the expanded unemployment benefits in the Coronavirus Aid, Recovery, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, Senate Republicans released on July 27 their $1 trillion proposal for the next phase of coronavirus relief legislation. The proposal includes a bevy of nine separate bills that are collectively referred to as the Health, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection and Schools (HEALS) Act. The timing and nature of this legislation stands in contrast to the House legislation — the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act — which was released in May as a single $3 trillion bill. Although the HEROES Act is not likely to be considered formally in the Senate, the HEALS Act in many regards is a counterproposal that borrows similar proposals. As Congress debates the HEALS Act proposals, its key provisions would ultimately represent the fourth phase of emergency legislation in response to the coronavirus pandemic. The details for each of the separate bills under the HEALS Act are summarized below.
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act,