The Affordable Care Act (the “Act”) requires employers to determine full-time status for employees in order to determine if the employer is considered a large employer (50 or more full time employees) subject to the shared responsibility provisions, and also to identify those employees that must be offered minimum affordable coverage in order to avoid penalties under the Act (the shared responsibility provision).
A large employer under the Act is defined as an employer who employed an average of at least 50 full-time or full-time equivalent employees in the preceding year. Full-time equivalent employees are based on the aggregate hours of employees who are not full-time. A full-time employee is an employee who is scheduled to work at least an average of 30 hours per week. Full-time employees are the only employees considered when determining if an employer is subject to potential liabilities for failure to offer minimum affordable health insurance coverage.